- 发布时间：2021-12-30 16:13
- 发布时间：2021-12-30 16:13
Australia is asean's original dialogue partner. It established relations with ASEAN in 1974 and signed the ASEAN-Australia Memorandum of Understanding on Trade cooperation in 1976. The trade relationship between ASEAN and Australia began to warm up. By the end of 1990s, Australia's direct investment in ASEAN countries reached 12 billion DOLLARS, accounting for 7% of Australia's total foreign investment. Since September 2002, with ASEAN as one side and Australia and New Zealand as the other side, the association between ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and the relatively close economic relationship (CER) between Australia and New Zealand has been established, referred to as AFTA-CER connection relationship, which has become a platform for economic exchanges between ASEAN and Australia and New Zealand. Australia and New Zealand were the first to sign a free trade agreement with Singapore in 2003. In August 2007, the 10 ASEAN countries and Australia jointly signed the Joint Declaration on ASEAN-Australia Comprehensive Partnership in Manila, which laid the foundation for deepening cooperation between the two sides. On February 28, 2009, ASEAN signed the Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (AANZ-FTA) with Australia and New Zealand. In 2012, Australia signed free trade agreements with Malaysia and Thailand. In October 2021, Australia and ASEAN agreed to establish a comprehensive strategic partnership.
In addition to maintaining a high degree of economic and trade cooperation with RCEP member countries, Australia is also expanding the wider free trade circle. On December 16, 2021, Australia and the UK officially signed the FTA, which is expected to come into force on July 1, 2022. The two countries will facilitate the flow of goods and people through measures such as phasing out tariffs. However, the concrete economic benefits of the agreement remain to be seen. Even British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in June 2021 that a deal was "economically important" but "more politically and symbolically important".
"Reset" trade with China
Australia has always attached great importance to RCEP. Some Australian media have analyzed that the RCEP is a lifeline for China-Australia relations and that it will help Australia "reset" its economic relationship with China.
Although there are big differences on the political level, the economic and trade cooperation and exchanges between the two sides have not stopped.
At the first China International Consumer Goods Expo to be held in May 2021, Australian Trade and Investment organized 12 Australian enterprises to participate in the expo, mainly exhibiting high-end health care, skin care and fashion cultural and creative products. In October 2021, "2021 Changsha Australia Food and Beverage Products Exhibition Matchmaking Meeting" was held in Gaoqiao Exhibition and Trade Center. About 50 representatives from Hunan enterprises visited the display of Australian products and cooperated with more than 40 representatives of Australian brands. Nearly 200 selected Australian star products also appeared simultaneously in the online mall. On 7 December 2021, in order to cope with the impact of COVID-19 on the foreign trade industry and promote the trade, economic and production capacity cooperation between China and Australia in the textile and garment industry, the Australian China Textile and Garment Online event hosted by the Ministry of Commerce of The People's Republic of China was launched. More than 140 high-quality Chinese textile and garment enterprises participated in the exhibition, and explored digital marketing channels through product display, live interactive and instant messaging. On December 23, 2021, at the site of the first "Company Day" ceremony of China Baowu Iron & Steel Group, the Australian Hardey Iron Ore project led by Baowu Resources made a breakthrough and completed the "cloud contract". This project is a successful attempt of the resource project development mode of "small equity, big business right", which is of great significance to the international resource security strategy of China Baowu Iron Ore.
Separately, Australian media reported that China overtook Japan for the first time to become Australia's largest buyer of LIQUEFIED natural gas. Australia's LNG shipments to China rose 7.3 per cent to 30.7 million tonnes in the year to June 30, 2021.
The highly complementary economic structure between China and Australia provides natural impetus for the trade and investment between the two countries. However, the frequent discordant noises made by The Australian side in various political and economic fields have added many obstacles to the maintenance of the good economic and trade partnership between the two sides. In his speech at the National Press Club, Minister Wang Xining of the Chinese Embassy in Australia said that despite differences, mutual respect will anchor bilateral relations firmly in the turbulence of differences. "We should not let the hearts of cold and dark thoughts covered the partnership between the two countries, we should not let the narrow interest and short-term views misled the exchanges between the two countries, we should not let the outdated ideas and deliberate distortion influence each other and cognition of the world, we should not let an empty slogans and deliberate labeled, framed the connotation of bilateral relations." We are still waiting to see if Australia can truly return to the track of mutually beneficial trade.